COP21 – Paris climate conference
The COP21, also known as the 2015 Paris Climate Conference, was a United Nations conference held in Paris, France, in December 2015. The conference aimed to reach a global agreement on reducing greenhouse gas emissions and limiting global warming to below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.
The conference brought together representatives from 195 countries, who negotiated and agreed upon the Paris Agreement. The agreement established a framework for countries to set their own national targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and to report on their progress. It also included provisions for financing and technology transfer to support developing countries in their climate change mitigation and adaptation efforts.
The Paris Agreement was widely seen as a major step forward in international efforts to address climate change. It was the first time that all countries, both developed and developing, had committed to taking action to address climate change. The agreement also set the goal of limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, recognizing the urgency of the situation.
Overall, the Paris Agreement was seen as a historic achievement and a significant step forward in global efforts to address climate change. However, there have been concerns about the slow progress in implementing the agreement and meeting its goals.
Barbados Prime Minister Mia Mottley spoke at the opening of the #COP27 World Leaders Summit of the United Nations Climate Change and called for an overhaul of the global financial system. She criticized the Bretton Woods Agreement and called for a global compact establishing that financing for development cannot be short term but must be at least a 30-year loan. Mottley also praised Denmark for becoming the first developed country to propose a fund devoted to loss and damage and argued that the Security Council must be reformed to remove the veto. She also called for the reform of the G20 and G7 to embrace a transparency framework that would bring about greater fairness and togetherness. Finally, she encouraged world leaders to speak the truth and have mature conversations with their people.