Botswana, a landlocked country in Southern Africa, has a relatively stable history when it comes to currency notes. Here is an overview of Botswana's history of currency notes:
- South African Rand (1966-1976): Upon gaining independence from British colonial rule in 1966, Botswana initially used the South African Rand as its official currency. During this period, South African Rand banknotes were used in circulation in Botswana.
- Botswana Pula (1976-present): In 1976, Botswana introduced its own currency called the Botswana Pula (BWP). The word "Pula" means "rain" in Setswana, the national language of Botswana, symbolizing the country's agricultural prosperity. The Pula is divided into 100 thebe.
- First Series of Pula Notes (1976-1992): The first series of Pula notes featured images of Botswana's wildlife, including various animal species such as zebras, elephants, and giraffes. These notes were predominantly green in color and included security features such as watermarks, security threads, and intricate designs to prevent counterfeiting.
- Second Series of Pula Notes (1992-2009): The second series of Pula notes introduced new designs and security features. These notes showcased notable landmarks and cultural symbols of Botswana, such as the Parliament building, a traditional house, and traditional dancers. The color scheme of the notes varied, with different denominations having distinct colors.
- Third Series of Pula Notes (2009-present): The current series of Pula notes was introduced in 2009. These notes feature improved security features, including holographic strips, tactile markings for the visually impaired, and advanced printing techniques. The designs highlight Botswana's unique wildlife, landscapes, and cultural heritage.
- Denominations and Security Features: The Pula notes are available in denominations of 10, 20, 50, 100, and 200 Pula. Each note incorporates security features such as raised printing, microprinting, and unique serial numbers to prevent counterfeiting.
- Bank of Botswana: The Bank of Botswana, the central bank of the country, is responsible for issuing and managing the currency. It formulates monetary policies to maintain price stability and ensure the integrity of the Pula.
The currency notes of Botswana reflect the country's commitment to preserving its natural resources, cultural heritage, and economic stability. The Pula notes showcase the diverse flora and fauna of the country, as well as its rich cultural traditions, making them a symbol of Botswana's identity and progress.